Mental Health Conditions
Mental Health Conditions
Anxiety is a feeling of worry or fear, that can be mild or severe.
Everyone has feelings of anxiety at some point in their life – such as before sitting an exam, or having a medical test or job interview.
You can also be anxious about things that are about to happen, or which we think could happen in the future
During times like these, feeling anxious can be perfectly normal.
Anxiety is a natural human response when we perceive that we are under threat. It can be experienced through our thoughts, feelings and physical sensations.
When is anxiety a mental health problem?
Some people find it hard to control their worries. Their feelings of anxiety are more constant and can often affect their daily lives.
Depression affects people in different ways and can cause a wide variety of symptoms. They can be both emotional and physical.
These range from feelings of unhappiness and hopelessness, to losing interest in the things you used to enjoy and feeling very tearful. Many people with depression also have symptoms of anxiety.
These symptoms can vary such as feeling constantly tired, sleeping badly, having no appetite or sex drive, and various aches and pains.
All symptoms of depression range from mild to severe. At its mildest, you may simply feel constantly low, while severe depression can make you feel suicidal, that life is no longer worth living.
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition where a person has obsessive thoughts and compulsive activity.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has two main parts: obsessions and compulsions.
• Obsessions are unwelcome thoughts, images, urges, worries or doubts that repeatedly appear in your mind. They can make you feel very anxious (although some people describe it as ‘mental discomfort’ rather than anxiety). You can read more about obsessions here.
• Compulsions are repetitive activities that you do to reduce the anxiety caused by the obsession. It could be something like repeatedly checking a door is locked, repeating a specific phrase in your head or checking how your body feels.
An obsession is an unwanted and unpleasant thought, image or urge that repeatedly enters a person’s mind, causing feelings of anxiety, disgust or unease.
A compulsion is a repetitive behaviour or mental act that someone feels they need to carry out to try to temporarily relieve the unpleasant feelings brought on by the obsessive thought.
Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that affects your moods, which can swing from one extreme to another. It used to be known as manic depression.
People with bipolar disorder have episodes of:
• depression – feeling very low and lethargic
• mania – feeling very high and overactive
Symptoms of bipolar disorder depend on which mood you’re experiencing.
Unlike simple mood swings, each extreme episode of bipolar disorder can last for several weeks (or even longer), and some people may not experience a “normal” mood very often.
Bipolar disorder is characterised by extreme mood swings. These can range from extreme highs (mania) to extreme lows (depression).
Episodes of mania and depression often last for several weeks or months.